Reference Resources

Antimicrobial Manuals

Bugs & Drugs – Antimicrobial Reference Book 2006

John Hopkins Antiobiotic Guide
A free online resource on bacteria and bacterial infections, complications, treatments and other related subjects.

Infectious Diseases – Medical Reference
Infectious Diseases articles covering symptoms, diagnosis, epidemiology, treatment, prognosis, and follow-up. Peer reviewed and up-to-date recommendations written by leading experts.

International Guidelines for Antibiotic Therapy
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Clinical Microbiology Laboratory Information and National and International Guidelines for Antibiotic Therapy. Updated 9/28/2015.

Infectious Disease – University of Iowa Family Practice Handbook
Guidelines for the family practice physician on the diagnosis and treatment of the common infectious diseases.

Disease Management – Infectious Diseases
The Infectious Disease section of the Disease Management Project online medical reference / encyclopedia is offered free as a service of The Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education.

Adult and Pediatric Perioperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Guidelines

Antimicrobial Resistance in Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria
This review discusses the epidemiology of the increasing resistance problem, common mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, methods to slow the development of resistance, resistance issues with specific gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, and management strategies when infection with resistant bacteria is suspected or confirmed.

Antiretrovirals: Pharmacotherapy and Adverse Drug Reactions
This review explains the pharmacology and appropriate use of ARV agents (ARVs), including an overview of the current guidelines for initiation of ARV therapy, and describe notable adverse reactions. New and future therapies will also be discussed.

Canada Communicable Disease Report
Presents timely information on surveillance of infectious diseases, outbreak investigations, immunization, infection control, tropical health and quarantine information, and other disease control activities.

Canadian Immunization Guide – Health Canada
The Guide is a comprehensive resource on immunization for health professionals, vaccine program decision-makers and other Canadian stakeholders with an interest in immunization.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC fights disease and supports communities and citizens to do the same.

Gorillacillins in the ICU: From Space and Beyond…
Tim T.Y. Lau, PharmD, FCSHP. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia

Guidelines for peri-operative use of antibacterials usage in pediatrics and adults
Treatment Recommendations for Adult Inpatients

Hepatitis C Management Monograph
Hepatitis C – Online Medical Reference – from definition and diagnosis through risk factors and treatments. Authored by Robert S. O’Shea, Naim Alkhouri and William D. Carey of the Cleveland Clinic.

Influenza: Back to the Basics
Tim T.Y. Lau, PharmD, FCSHP. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia

Initial Dosing Recommendations for Anti-Infective Agents during Continuous Venovenous Hemofiltration
For adult critically ill patient s receiving high-flow CVVH

Sanford Antibiotic Guide 2010
Current edition requires subscription.

Spotlight on Clostridium difficile Infection: An Educational Resource for Pharmacists
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a gastrointestinal disease with a wide spectrum of severity, ranging from mild diarrhea to pseudomembranous colitis and death. Although CDI has been extensively described since its identification in 1978, changes in the epidemiology of this pathogen have highlighted the potentially devastating nature of this disease and prompted additional research.

Guidelines for Antimicrobial Usage 2012-2013
The antimicrobial usage guidelines on this web site were developed by The Cleveland Clinic Infectious Disease Department, the Department of Pharmacy, and the Section of Microbiology.

University of Kentucky Guide to Empiric Antimicrobial Therapy
A book is designed to assist practitioners in selecting the most effective antibiotics with the fewest adverse reactions that are most cost-effective for overall care delivery.

Use of Probiotics in the Management of Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) generally is defined as diarrhea that is correlated with the administration of antibiotics and is without another obvious cause.

Wound Bed Preparation

Calculators / Formulas / Clinical Tools

Creatinine Clearance, IBW, Dosing Weight, BSA Calculator

MedCalc Online Clinical Calculators

Pharmaceutical Solution Dilution Calculator

Clinical Calculators

Conventional to SI Units Conversion Factors

Corticosteroid Dose Converter

Creatinine Clearance Calculator

Dose Calc Online

KT Clearinghouse EBM Calculator

GI Cocktail/Pink Lady Ingredients

Health Calculators and Charts

Medication Infusion Rate Calculator

Narcotic Equivalence Converter

Number needed to treat (NNT) calculator

Online Medical Calculators

Pediatric Fluids and Electrolyte Therapy Calculator

Solution Calculator

The Four Most Important Equations in Clinical Practice

Vancomycin Dosing and Pharmacokinetics

Clinical Guidelines

AAFP Clinical Recommendations
Search AAFP’s clinical recommendations.

ATP III Cholesterol Guideline

Australia Clinical Practice Guidelines

Britsih Columbia Medical Services Plan – Guidelines and Protocols
Clinical Practice Guidelines

BMJ Collections of Articles on Guidelines
Earn CME credit with online learning

Clinical Pharmacokinetics Service Policy and Procedure Manual

Clinical Practice Guidelines – Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

CMAJ Clinical Practice Guidelines

ICSI Clinical Guidelines

JNC 7 Hypertension Guideline

Medical Guidelines from Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network – SIGN

Methadone for Pain Guideline

National Guideline Clearinghouse
NGC is the National Guideline Clearinghouse.

National Institute For Clinical Excellence (NICE) Clinical Guidance

National Prescribing Services Practice Review and Newsletter

University of Michigan Health System Clinical Care Guidelines
These guidelines and the accompanying patient education materials are to assist UMHS physicians in providing optimal care for patients in a cost effective manner.

University of Pennsylvania Medical Center Guidelines for Antimicrobial Therapy

Clinical Rounds

Grand Rounds Online

Medical Grand Rounds from LSU
LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine

Medical Rounds
Multimedia medical grand rounds and home of RoundsFinder, a search engine for free online multimedia CME.

Pharmaceutical Sciences Rounds

Children’s Mercy Kansas City Grand Rounds Online
Requires no cost enrollment

Medical Professional Video Center

Dictionaries & Abbreviations

Abbreviations Commonly Used in the Nursery
Edward F. Bell, MD

Common Medical Abbreviations
Common medical abbreviations for medical transcription

Online Medical Dictionary
Look up medical definitions and terms using our online medical dictionary. Check medical misspellings and their definitions for diseases and other popular health terms and terminology in medicine.

Error-Prone Abbreviations List

Glossary of Evidenced-based Medicine Terms
A glossary of evidence-based medicine terms

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Dictionaries and Abbreviations
The First Place to Look for an MSDS, MSDS-SEARCH is the most comprehensive single address for
free information related to the document known as a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), providing access to over 1,000,000 MSDSs, 1500 links
directly to manufacturers, plus links to databases, software vendors, and government sources and organizations. – Medical Dictionary
Read doctor-produced health and medical information written for you to make informed decisions about your health concerns.

Medline Plus/Mirriam Webster Medical Dictionary

MeSH Browser

Glossary of EBM Terms

EBM Glossary
The EBM glossary includes commonly used terms and abbreviations, and information about EMB study types.

Bandolier Glossary

Drug Availability & Identification – Pill Identifier

International Drug Identification Links

U.S. National Library of Medicine, Division of Specialized Information Services – ChemIDplus

Drug Product Database (DPD) – Health Canada

Special Access Programme (SAP)

Identification of foreign medicines – Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

International Drug Information

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)

Current Drug Product Shortage Bulletins – ASHP

Electronic Orange Book – U.S. FDA

National Drug Code Directory (NDC)

Recently Approved Drugs/Indications – Doctor’s Guide

Drug Comparison Charts

Drug Comparison Charts

RxFiles – Drug Charts and Comparison

Analgesics and Sedatives Use in Pediatrics Drug Chart
Analgesics and Sedatives Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Antiarrhythmic Drugs Comparison Chart

Recommendations Anticonvulsants Dosage in Neonatates Drug Chart
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD and Sarah B. Tierney, PharmD

Recommended Antimicrobial Dosage Schedules for Neonates

Apnea in Newborns Drug Chart
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Bronchodilators for Reactive Airway Disease in Pediatrics
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Recommended Doses of Diuretic Agents in Neonates and Toxicity
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Drug charts from DrofRx

Intropic Agents
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Neuromuscular Blockers in Neonates
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

Topical Corticosteroids: Comparison Chart

Drug Information Database

Drug Information Datasheets

electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC)
The most up to date, comprehensive, regulated information about medicines. Easy to use, trusted and recommended by healthcare professionals

Medicine Chest – OTC Drug Information
MedicineChestOnline is a directory of medicines and food supplements that are available ‘over the counter’ from the pharmacist. The site will help people find the right products to treat or relieve common illnesses.

RxList Drug Information

Abuse Drugs Fact Sheets
Drug Fact Sheets

BCCA Cancer Drug Manual

British National Formulary (BNF)
BNF Publications. Publishers of the British National Formulary. Authoritative and practical information on the selection and clinical use of medicines.

Drug Formulary

Chemical Multi Database
Toxicology, environmental health, and chemical databases and other information resources from the Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Christchurch Drug Information

CPS Update
We have the information you need to make the best decisions and improve health outcomes for your patients.

FDA Consumer Drug-Specific Information

General Anesthesia Drugs Summary
Compare general anesthetics. Includes user reviews and ratings for individual medications. Find related monographs and prescribing information.

Household Products Database

International Drug Information

Intropic Agents
Jeffrey L. Segar, MD

IPHA Medicines Compendium

Medications that Increase Sensitivity to Light

Drugs, OTCs & Herbals Reference

Micromedex Drug Information for Professionals
Prescription drug information and news for professionals and consumers. Search our drug database for comprehensive prescription and patient information on 24,000 drugs online.

New Drug Monographs

New Medicine in Development
The latest pharmaceutical research is bringing promise to patients with ailments from Alzheimer’s to skin cancer.

Pocket Reference for Pain Management

New Indications & Dosage Forms for Existing Drugs
Previously approved medications that have gained new FDA approval for the treatment of additional medical conditions.

RxMed (Prescription and OTC Product Monographs)

Sound Alike- Look Alike Medications To Be Aware Of

South African Electronic Package Inserts

WHO Drug Information Newsletter

Drug Indications Database
Provides an essential component of advanced clinical information systems helps prevent inappropriate prescribing drug indications database assists in identifying the drugs available to treat a specific medical condition.

Evidence-Based Medicine

Bandolier EBM Basics
Reviews of evidence-based medicine, methods, risks, definitions

Bandolier Knowledge

BestBETS – Evidence Based Medicine

BMJ Clinical Evidence

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine – Oxford
Welcome to the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)

EBM Resources Links

EBM Search Tips

Estimating cardiovascular risk and treatment benefit

Evidence Based Mental Health Online

Evidence-based Medicine Resource Center

Evidenced-based Medicine Training Workshop

Glossary of Evidenced-based Medicine Terms

How to calculate risk

Informed Health Online
Medical Knowledge, relevant objective und independent

Number Needed to Treat: adjusting for baseline risk

Practicing Evidence-Based Medicine

Retrieving and appraising systematic reviews

Therapeutic Initiatives – Evidenced Based Drug Therapy

Tips for Evaluating & Keeping Up With the Healthcare Literature

Hospital Formulary

Bloomington Hospital Formulary
Indiana University Health is the result of a cooperative effort of three downtown Indianapolis hospitals.

Clinical Pharmacokinetics Service (CPS) Policy and Procedure Manual

Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy – Preprinted Order

Protocols, Guidelines and Preprinted Orders

Inpatient Formulary University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center

JDH Therapeutic Interchange of Medications

Pharmaceutical usage guidelines, criteria, and pathways

Vancouver Hospital Formulary

Hospital Order Sets / clinical protocols

Forms and Order Sets

Guidelines, Order Sets & Protocols

Heparin Infusion Protocol from John Dempsey Hospital

Intravenous Argatroban protocol
This document has a 4.4% positive sentiment, a grade level reading score of 13.0, and includes topics like nursing practice manual john dempsey hospital, clinical protocol, University of Connecticut.

Preprinted Admission Order Sheets

Lab, Medical Tests & Interpretations

Common Lab Values
Common laboratory values: CBC, electrolytes, lipoproteins, albumin, wbc with differential etc

Learn about Normal Laboratory Values symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in the Merck Manual. HCP and Vet versions too!

Guideline for Clinical Laboratory Practice
For twenty-five years, the OAML has acted as the voice of Ontario’s community laboratory sector. Our mission is to promote professionalism, accountability and excellence in the delivery of laboratory services in Ontario and to support the community laboratory industry, an essential component of the health care system.

Interpretation of Lab Results
Interpretation of laboratory results: albumin, aldosterone,amylase, bilirubin, ferritin, creatinine, uric acid, TIBC, osmolality

Interpretation of Lab Test Profiles
Explanation of commonly ordered clinical
lab tests

Lab Test and Interpretations

Lab Tests Online
Lab Tests Online offers patients and caregivers the latest information on blood, urine and other clinical lab tests so that they may better manage their care

Medical Procedures & Tests
Index of comprehensive articles on medical procedures and medical tests, a listing. Covers all aspects of medicine produced by doctors.

Ordering and Interpreting Drug Levels–What You Can Do to Improve

Medications which may cause discoloration of urine (Table)

Online Medical Textbooks

Algorithm for the Medical Intensive Care Unit

Australian Prescriber

Bandolier Knowledge Library and Journals
A monthly newsletter about evidence-based health care; top source for such information on the net

British National Formulary (BNF)
BNF Publications. Publishers of the British National Formulary. Authoritative and practical information on the selection and clinical use of medicines.

Dermatology Image Atlas


Family Practice Notebook is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6315 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 718 chapters. Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences.

Free Books for Doctors
FreeBooks4Doctors: over 300 free medical books and book-like websites. Daily presentations of new books. Free subscription to the book alerts.

General Pediatrics
The General Pediatrician’s View of the Internet

General Practice Notebook

Medical Textbook from The Cleveland Clinic
The Disease Management is an online medical reference, designed to provide nationally established treatment guidelines for the most commonly seen diseases and conditions.

Medical Textbooks from Merck Medicus
Get independent medical information, education, on the web or your mobile device, to help in your daily practice


Merck Manuals

Neonatal Medicine Protocol Book

Online Medical & Scientific Textbooks

Online Medical Textbooks –
A digital library of authoritative medical education information for the medical student and all students of medicine

Pediatric Radiology
A pediatric radiology and pediatric imaging digital library

Radiology Resource Library

Pediatric Surgery Handbook
A Handbook to seek information on Pediatric Surgery related topics. Created in March 2000 to help medical students and surgery residents learn basic principles of Pediatric Surgery.Permission is granted to copy the manual giving credit to those authors that appears.

The Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine

The Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 1-Minute Consult

Wheeless’Textbook of Orthopaedics

he Dental Resource Library

Research & Statistics

CenterWatch Clinical Trials Listing Service
CenterWatch provides a variety of clinical research products and services: including clinical trials and results, drug approvals, study grants, news and analysis, career and training opportunities for patients and professionals.

EBM Calculator

NNT Explained – Bandolier

Number needed to treat (NNT) calculator

Search the Studies
List of contacts pertaining to the NIH Studies website of the Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health

Statistics at Square One – BMJ
Ninth Edition T D V Swinscow Revised by M J Campbell, University of Southampton Copyright BMJ Publishing Group 1997 NB: Readers occasionally point out errors in this book and remind us that there have been several revised editions since this one, which we would refer our readers to. The text that is replicated here reflects exactly what was in the 1997 edition.

Tips for Evaluating & Keeping Up With the Healthcare Literature

WHO Statistical Information

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